Plantar fasciitis is a clinical condition in which you suffer from severe heel pain. It comes under the category of overuse injury. Overuse results in degeneration, hypoplasia, and tearing of the plantar fascia. It is more common in physically active people such as army personnel, police officers, etc. This is a chronic pain which can last for months and even years. This makes it difficult for you to walk and run. Several treatment options are available for it. Out of these, two well-known treatment options are PRP and steroid injections.
Some points are given below, which will help you understand which one of these is a better option.
Platelet Rich Plasma:
It is a natural substance obtained from the body of the subject himself. Blood is drawn from the cubital vein of the patient and then subjected to centrifugation. Different components of the blood such as red blood cells, plasma, and the buffy layer containing platelets and white blood cells are separated. PRP is collected from the buffy coat through re-centrifugation and injected into your heel at the point of maximum tenderness along the medial calcaneal tubercle. This works by boosting collagen production and maturation at the targeted area. Increased collagen treats degenerated planter fascia and heals the tears. It does not have any harmful effect on your body as it is not a synthetic substance. You feel relieved from pain, and your walking ability is significantly improved a few days after the therapy. Also, no associated side effect was detected for this method of treatment.
Corticosteroids can both be administered orally or through an injection. Composition of both these forms is different from each other. Injections are given when oral steroids do not work. Corticosteroids are injected into your heels along the medial tuberosity of the calcaneus. Cystic spaces appear, and collagen necrosis starts after the administration of steroids. After some time, the cystic spaces are replaced by fibroblast, and they start proliferating. A significant decrease was found in pain after the treatment. This is effective in treating plantar fasciitis but has associated risks and side effects.
According to a study, performed on two groups of people, one of which was given PRP treatment and the other steroid injections, PRP is found to be far more effective in treating plantar fasciitis than steroid injections. Both of them can help recover from fasciitis, but PRP showed more satisfactory results. Steroids are toxic substances which should not be taken unless necessary. Studies have shown complications such as facial rupture with steroid administration. Steroids influence a number of your body functions. Contrary to it, PRP is much safer and better mode of treatment. It is a natural substance with no potential side effects. The success rate was found to be more for PRP as compared to steroids. It is more effective as well as a long-lasting treatment method. In short, PRP therapy should be preferred over steroid injections for the treatment of plantar fasciitis if you want better results without risks.